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Complete Sound Chart

LETTER GROUPINGS, SOUND AND EXAMPLE
A a … ‘aa’ as in ‘bat’ … [buy cialis online

iles/Xsampa-leftcurly.png” alt=”” width=”20″ height=”17″ />] … exact
a … ‘ah’ as in ‘father’ … [] … father
a … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … about
a … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … base, able
a … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … share
a … ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [] … pirvate
aa … ‘ah’ as in ‘father’ … [] … bazaar, aardvark
ai … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … said
ai … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … aisle
ai … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … maid
ai … ‘aa’ as in ‘bat’ … [] … plaid
au …’aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … cause
au … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … gauge
au … ‘aa’ as in ‘bat’ … [] … aunt
au … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … chauffeur
ay … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … says
ay … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … pay
augh … ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … daughter
aw … ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … shawl
ea … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … heat
ea … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … ocean
ea … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … head
ea … ‘ah’ as in ‘father’ … [] … heart
ea … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … great
eau … ‘ew’ as in ‘few’ … [] … beauty
eau … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … beau
ea[r] … ‘ur’ as in ‘her’ … [] … learn
oa … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … oat

B silent …thumb
b … ‘b’ as in ‘bit’ … [] …bone
C c … ‘k’ as in ‘cap’ … [] … casserole
c … ‘ch’ as in ‘char’ … [] … cello
ce … ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] … ice
ce … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … ocean
cc … ‘k’ as in ‘cap’ … [] … with ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] … accent
ch … ‘k’ as in ‘cap’ … [] … choir, schedule
ch … ‘ch’ as in ‘char’ … [] … chance
ch … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … machine
chs … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … fuchsia
ci … ‘ch’ as in ‘char’ … [] … ancient
ci … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … special
ck … ‘k’ as in ‘cap’ … [] … back
cz … ‘t’ as in ‘time’ … [] with ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] … czar (one of two possible pronunciations)
sch … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … schmuck
sc … ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] … science
sci … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … conscience
tch … ‘ch’ as in ‘char’ … [] … watch
D d … ‘d’ as in ‘dime’ … [] … dark
d … ‘j’ as in ‘jar’ … [] … individual
dge … ‘j’ as in ‘jar’ … [] … judge
dj … ‘j’ as in ‘jar’ … [] … adjective
ed … ‘t’ as in ‘time’ … [] … tripped
E e … silent … there
ce … ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] … ice
ce … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … ocean
dge … ‘j’ as in ‘jar’ … [] … judge
e … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … shed
e … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … be
e … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … anthem
e … ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [] … pretty
e … ‘ah’ as in ‘father’ … [] … sergeant
e … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … suede, cafe
ea …’ah’ as in ‘father’ … [] … heart
ea … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … heat
ea … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … head
ea … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … ocean
ea … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … great
ea[r] … ‘ur’ as in ‘her’ … [] … learn
eau … ‘ew’ as in ‘few’ … [] … beauty
eau … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … beau
ed … ‘t’ as in ‘time’ … [] … tripped
ee … ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [] … been
ee … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … weep
ee … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … puree
ei … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … receive
ei … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … veil
eig … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … foreign (can also be reduced ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [])
eig … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … reign
eigh … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … weigh
eigh … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … height
eo … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … leopard
eo … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … people
eu … ‘ew’ as in ‘few’ … [] … feud
eu … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … chauffeur
eu … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … sleuth
ew … ‘ew’ as in ‘few’ … [] … few
ew … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … blew
ey … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … key
ey … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … they
ie … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … friend
ie … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … brief
ie … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … lie
oe … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … foe
oe … ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] … does
oe … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … shoe
ue … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … blue
ye … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … bye
F f … ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … fear
f … ‘v’ as in ‘van’ … [] … of
f … ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … off
G silent … sign
augh … ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … daughter
dge … ‘j’ as in ‘jar’ … [] … judge
eig … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … foreign (can also be reduced ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [])
eig … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … reign
eigh … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … weigh
eigh … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … height
igh …’ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … sigh
g … ‘g’ as in ‘gap’ … [] … go
g … ‘j’ as in ‘jar’ … [] … gem
ge … ‘dj’ as in ‘measure’ … [] … beige
gg … ‘j’ as in ‘jar’ … [] … exaggerate
ng … ‘ng’ as in ‘sing’ … [] … ring
ng … ‘ng’ as in ‘sing’ … [] with ‘k’ as in ‘cap’ … [] … angst
ng … ‘ng’ as in ‘sing’ … [] with ‘g’ as in ‘gap’ … [] … anger
ough … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … though
ough … ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … thought
ough … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … through
ough … ‘ow’ as in ‘now’ … [] … bough
ough … ‘ah’ as in ‘father’ … [] OR ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] with ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … cough
ough … ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] with ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … enough
H silent … honor, thyme, rhythm
augh … ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … daughter
ch … ‘k’ as in ‘cap’ … [] … choir
ch … ‘ch’ as in ‘char’ … [] … chance
ch … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … chartreuse
chs … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … fuchsia
h … ‘h’ as in ‘hi’ … [] … happy
igh … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … sigh
eigh … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … weigh
eigh … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … height
ough … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … though
ough … ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … thought
ough … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … through
ough … ‘ow’ as in ‘now’ … [] … bough
ough … ‘ah’ as in ‘father’ … [] OR ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] with ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … cough
ough … ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] with ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … enough
ph … ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … phone
pph … ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … sapphire
sch … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … schmuck
sh … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … shame
tch … ‘ch’ as in ‘char’ … [] … watch
th … ‘th’ as in ‘thin’ … [] … thanks
th … ‘th’ as in ‘this’ … [] … those
I ai … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … said
ai … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … aisle
ai … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … maid
ai … ‘aa’ as in ‘bat’ … [] … plaid
ci … ‘ch’ as in ‘char’ … [] … ancient
ci … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … special
ei … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … receive
ei … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … veil
eig … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … foreign (can also be reduced ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [])
eig … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … reign
eigh … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … weigh
eigh … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … height
i … ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [] … him
i … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … time
i … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … police
i … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … possible
i … ‘aa’ as in ‘bat’ … [] … timbre
i … ‘y’ as in ‘yes’ … [] … senior
ie … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … friend
ie … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … grieve
ie … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … lie
igh … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … sigh
i[r] … ‘ur’ as in ‘her’ … [] … bird
oi … ‘oy’ as in ‘toy’ … [] … moist
oi … ‘w’ as in ‘will’ … [] with ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … choir
ui … ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [] … build
ui … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … juice
sci … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … conscience
si … ‘dj’ as in ‘measure’ … [] … vision
ti … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … motion
ti … ‘ch’ as in ‘char’ … [] … mention
J dj … ‘j’ as in ‘jar’ … [] … adjective
j … ‘j’ as in ‘jar’ … [] … joy
j … ‘y’ as in ‘yes’ … [] … fjord
j … ‘h’ as in ‘hi’ … [] … junta
K silent … know
ck … ‘k’ as in ‘cap’ … [] … back
k … ‘k’ as in ‘cap’ … [] … king
L silent … palm
l … ‘l’ as in ‘lap’ … [] … love
ll … ‘l’ as in ‘lap’ … [] … million
M m … ‘m’ as in ‘map’ … [] … mine
mm … ‘m’ as in ‘map’ … [] … summer
N silent … autumn
n … ‘n’ as in ‘nap’ … [] … name
n … ‘ng’ as in ‘sing’ … [] … think
nn … ‘n’ as in ‘nap’ … [] … funny
ng … ‘ng’ as in ‘sing’ … [] … ring
ng … ‘ng’ as in ‘sing’ … [] with ‘k’ as in ‘cap’ … [] … angst
ng … ‘ng’ as in ‘sing’ … [] with ‘g’ as in ‘gap’ … [] … anger
O eo … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … leopard
eo … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … people
o … ‘w’ as in ‘will’ … [] with ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] … one
o … ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [] … women
o … ‘ah’ as in ‘father’ … [] … body
o … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … do
o … ‘uh’ as in ‘pull’ … [] … wolf
o … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … go
o … ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] … love
o … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … bottom
oa … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … oat
oe … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … foe
oe … ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] … does
oe … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … shoe
oi … ‘oy’ as in ‘toy’ … [] … moist
oi … ‘w’ as in ‘will’ … [] with ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … choir
oo … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … too
oo … ‘uh’ as in ‘pull’ … [] … wood
oo … ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] … blood
oo … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … brooch
ou … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … you
ou … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … jealous
ou … ‘uh’ as in ‘pull’ … [] … could
ou … ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] … trouble
ou … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … soul
ou … ‘ow’ as in ‘now’ … [] … round
ou[r] … ‘ur’ as in ‘her’ … [] … journey
o[r] … ‘ur’ as in ‘her’ … [] … word
ough … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … though
ough … ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … thought
ough … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … through
ough … ‘ow’ as in ‘now’ … [] … bough
ough … ‘ah’ as in ‘father’ … [] OR ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] with ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … cough
ough … ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] with ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … enough
ow … ‘ow’ as in ‘now’ … [] … cow
ow … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … row
oy … ‘oy’ as in ‘toy’ … [] … joy
wo … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … two
P silent … psychology, pneumonia
p … ‘p’ as in ‘pit’ … [] … pear
ph … ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … phone
pph … ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … sapphire
Q q … ‘k’ as in ‘cap’ … [] … quiet
R r … ‘r’ as in ‘run’ … [] … rat
S silent … island
chs … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … fuchsia
s … ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] … some
s … ‘z’ as in ‘zip’ … [] … his
s … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … []… sugar
s … ‘dj’ as in ‘measure’ … [] … measure
sc … ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] … science
sch … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … schmuck
sci … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … conscience
si … ‘dj’ as in ‘measure’ … [] … vision
sh … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … shame
ss … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … []… issue
ss … ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] …miss
ss … ‘z’ as in ‘zip’ … [] … possession
T silent … fasten
t … ‘t’ as in ‘time’ … [] … tap
t … ‘ch’ as in ‘char’ … [] … future, righteous
tch … ‘ch’ as in ‘char’ … [] … watch
th … ‘th’ as in ‘thin’ … [] … thanks
th … ‘th’ as in ‘this’ … [] … those
ti … ‘sh’ as in ‘ship’ … [] … motion
ti … ‘ch’ as in ‘char’ … [] … mention
U silent … plague (it signals a hard G without being pronounced)
au … ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … cause
au … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … gauge
au … ‘aa’ as in ‘bat’ … [] … aunt
au … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … chauffeur
augh … ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … daughter
eau … ‘ew’ as in ‘few’ … [] … beauty
eau … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … beau
eu … ‘ew’ as in ‘few’ … [] … feud
eu … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … chauffeur
eu … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … sleuth
ou … ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] … trouble
ou … ‘uh’ as in ‘pull’ … [] … could
ou … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … you
uu … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … jealous
ou … … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … soul
ou … ‘ow’ as in ‘now’ … [] … round
ough … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … though
ough … ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … thought
ough … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … through
ough … ‘ow’ as in ‘now’ … [] … bough
ough … ‘ah’ as in ‘father’ … [] OR ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] with ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … cough
ough … ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] with ‘f’ as in ‘fan’ … [] … enough
ou[r] … ‘ur’ as in ‘her’ … [] … journey
u … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … autumn
u … ‘uh’ as in ‘butter’ … [] … up
u … ‘ew’ as in ‘few’ … [] … union
u … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … bury
u … ‘uh’ as in ‘pull’ … [] … sugar
u … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … flute
u … ‘w’ as in ‘will’ … [] … quiet, suite
u … ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [] … minute
ue … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … blue
ui … ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [] … build
ui … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … juice
u[r] … ‘ur’ as in ‘her’ … [] … burn
uy … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … buy
V v … ‘v’ as in ‘van’ … [] … voice
W silent … answer, write
aw … ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ … [] … shawl
ew … ‘ew’ as in ‘few’ … [] … few
ew … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … blew
ow … ‘ow’ as in ‘now’ … [] … cow
ow … ‘oh’ as in ‘no’ … [] … row
w … ‘w’ as in ‘will’ … [] … wise
wo … ‘oo’ as in ‘boo’ … [] … two
X x … ‘k’ as in ‘cap’ … [] with ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] … ax, expert
x … ‘z’ as in ‘zip’ … [] … xylophone
x … ‘g’ as in ‘gap’ … [] with ‘z’ as in ‘zip’ … [] … exhibit
Y ay … ‘eh’ as in ‘bed’ … [] … says
ay … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … pay
ey … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … key
ey … ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ … [] … they
oy … ‘oy’ as in ‘toy’ … [] … joy
uy … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … buy y … ‘ih’ as in ‘sit’ … [] … symbol
y … ‘uh’ as in ‘supply’ … [] … syringe
y … ‘y’ as in ‘yes’ … [] … you
y … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … rhyme, my
y … ‘ee’ as in ‘she’ … [] … melody
ye … ‘ai’ as in ‘buy’ … [] … bye
y[r] … ‘ur’ as in ‘her’ … [] … myrtle
Z cz … ‘t’ as in ‘time’ … [] with ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] … czar (one of two possible pronunciations)
z … ‘z’ as in ‘zip’ … [] … lazy
z … ‘dj’ as in ‘measure’ … [] … azure
z … ‘t’ as in ‘time’ … [] with ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] .. Nazi
z … ‘s’ as in ‘sip’ … [] … ritz
zz … ‘z’ as in ‘zip’ … [] … buzz

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